AndalusiaGeneral information

Name of region Guadalquivir River Basin (Andalusia)
Global Environmental Zone(s) (Metzger)  
Population density (persons per km2)  
Contact (general) Ignacio Lorite
Contact (ag. scenarios) Ignacio Lorite / Margarita Ruiz Ramos
Location (NUTS code) ES61
Dominant regional farming system(s)
(SEAMLESS nomenclature)
The three most important
farming systems in region

(SEAMLESS nomenclature)
  • arable-cereal
  • horticulture
  • permanent crops
Main crop species
  • Olive
  • Wheat
  • Maize
Main livestock species
  • Pork
  • Bovine
  • Poultry

Regional development goal in rural spatial planning

Improvement of income of rural population (mainly farmers) without affecting environment / natural resources

Specific issues the region deals with/will deal with

1. Reduction of the impact of climate change on agriculture (droughts and heat waves) 2. Improvement of the agricultural systems to achive a more profitable agriculture3. Improvement of the irrigated systems in order to increase the irrigation water productivity

Regional challenges with regard to climate change

1. Yield reduction caused by the water scarcity and heat stress2. Low profitability of agriculture

Proposed solutions to overcome the challenges

Contribution to answering the focus question

1. To increase the irrigation water efficiency by the promotion of innovative adaptation strategies related with water management such as deficit irrigation 2. To reduce the impact of climate change on agriculture by increasing the profitability of semi-arid agricultural systems avoiding the reduction of yield considering/evaluating changes in agronomical practices such as sowing dates, cultivars or soil management. Improvement of management of crop/soil/water resources developing decision support systems adapted to local/regional conditions.

Important adaptation measures that are or will be considered in the study

Water management is important to this region AND is/will be included in the modelling exercise.
Irrigation is important to this region AND is/will be included in the modelling exercise.
Species/varietal choice is important to this region
Plant breeding is important to this region.
Changed planting/sowing days is important to this region AND is/will be included in the modelling exercise.
Crop rotations is important to this region.
Alternative tillage methods is important to this region.
Pest/weed management is important to this region.
Housing of livestock  
Land consolidation  
Management of feeding and reproduction of livestock  
Structure and scale of production adjustment  
Crop insurance is important to this region.
Exit from agriculture  
Climate alertness is important to this region AND is/will be included in the modelling exercise.
Political regulations at various administrative levels  

Models, stakeholders, advancement of knowledge

Models used in the study
It will be discussed in following steps DSSAT / AquaCrop Livestock studies are not considered for Guadalquivir Valley case study DSSAT / AquaCrop
How are results of of crop and livestock models assimilated in socio-economic models?How is technological progress in arable agriculture taken into account?How is technological progress in livestock farming taken into account?
New approaches incorporating socio-economic models have been developed determining critical components as profit or water productivity. Local calibration of new cultivars/proceduresAdding new approaches to traditional models in order to incorporate new techniques or tools  

Participating stakeholders

Agro-business or agro-food chainAdministrative bodies or regional or national governments
1. Regional farmers' association FERAGUA ( National farmers' association FENACORE ( 1. Ministry of agriculture of the Regional Government of Andalusia ( National Institute for Agronomic Research (INIA) (
Approaches for involving stakeholders
Collaboration in the determination of adaptation strategiesElaboration of decision support systems following farmer/technicians requirements/suggestions from the begining of the process

Improvement of the modelling capability by involving stakeholders

How did the modelling capability improve by involving stakeholders?Effect of the involvement of stakeholders on the questions asked, on the assessment, or on the solutions suggested
Better identification of problems related with agricultureDetermination of the level of acceptance of new adaptation strategies Better acceptance of the solutions proposed by the modelsEasier comunication between research and farmers/technicians
Points that researchers learned from stakeholdersPoints that stakeholders learned from researchers
- Identification of limitations/problems affecting to farmers- Improvement in the communication process between farmers and research - Decision support systems/activities adapted to local/regional conditions.

Further information

A detailed study about the Guadalquivir Valley case study has been carried out and was submitted to Pier Paolo Roggero