Newsletter 2016-12 E

  FACCE MACSUR Hub Newsletter December 2016  
  News from MACSUR  
   MACSUR3 presentation to FACCE GB and next steps  
  MACSUR coordinators presented an outline of planned MACSUR3 activities to the FACCE Governing Board on 1 December. MACSUR3 is intended to answer key questions on FACCE's Strategic Research Agenda with the help of models and participation of stakeholders: How can adaptation and mitigation be reconciled under climate change? How can modelling of impacts, mitigation and adaptation be upscaled from field to region to Europe? Additional formats of research outputs will be geared to stakeholders' preferences.
MACSUR3 will be open for collaboration beyond the existing consortium in order to integrate all interested parties. Funding will be necessary for core network activities (dissemination, coordination, collaboration, meetings), additional research and assessment writing. National stakeholders will be contacted in December and invited to collaborate with MACSUR members on the proposal in January and early February, in time for the GB's meeting in March 2017 and a decision to have a proposal evaluation.
  New policy brief: Improved crop modelling for supporting policy design on climate change impacts, adaptation and mitigation — CropM in MACSUR  

The second MACSUR policy brief, produced by the CropM coordination team, has been published. It focuses on the improvements in crop modelling that now allow conducting a comprehensive assessment of climate change impacts, andidentifying adaptation and mitigation options for Europe at multiple scales. The work also provides the background for further significant contributions to IPCC assessment reports. The policy brief is available from the MACSUR web site and is published as FACCE MACSUR Reports 9: H0.3-D2.
Please have a read, and circulate the document to your networks.

   Pest and Disease Modelling Workshop in Toulouse – October 2016  
  The MACSUR Pest and Disease modelling workshop, which took place in Toulouse, France on October 26-28, 2016, brought together 21 participants from Germany, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Spain. Participants of the workshop were crop modellers, epidemiologists, entomologists, and plant disease modellers. The group brainstormed on how to model plant disease epidemics (pest dynamics) and their impact on crop growth and yield. Models and approaches which have been developed were reviewed and discussed, in order to identify next steps into modelling activities which could be developed amongst groups. Potential data sets for model calibration and evaluation were presented. Work plans and a questionnaire to explore availability and suitability of data were developed to model the effects of pests and diseases on wheat and grape. The questionnaires were distributed among the participants, and are also available upon request to the following contact persons for potential data providers at: Kurt-Christian Kersebaum: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; Laetitia Willocquet: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.; and Serge Savary: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  
   New MACSUR publications  
  [paper icon]  
Results of the paper(s) were obtained within the international research project “FACCE MACSUR – Modelling European Agriculture with Climate Change for Food Security, a FACCE JPI knowledge hub”, funded by the authors' national or regional funding organizations. ⇒ Extended list of publications acknowledging MACSUR.
  • Nguyen T., Mula L., Cortignani R., Seddaiu G., Dono G., Virdis S., Pasqui M., Roggero P.-P. 2016. Perceptions of present and future climate change impacts on water availability for agricultural systems in the western Mediterranean region. Water 8, 523 (18 pp). doi: 10.3390/w8110523
    • Climate perceptions of farmers acting in the same district were found to be strongly influenced by personal experience of the impact of climate events on each farming system type and on the socio-cultural and institutional context. Understanding perceptions informing farmers’ choices is key to integrate climate communication into adaptation research, for making sense of climate responses at farming typology scale.
  • Gabaldón-Leal C., Webber H., Otegui M.E., Slafer G.A., Ordonez R.A., Gaiser T., Lorite I.J., Ruiz-Ramos M., Ewert F. 2016. Modelling the impact of heat stress on maize yield formation. Field Crops Research 198, 226-237. doi: 10.1016/j.fcr.2016.08.013
    • We tested a new approach to simulate heat stress effects on maize grain yield formation in crop models at field and larger scales.
    • Data from Spain and Argentine under irrigation and heating were used.
    • The model performed better with simulated canopy temperature than with air temperature applied in the heat stress function.
    • For irrigated conditions, using air temperature was satisfactory when critical threshold increased from 34 °C to 39 °C.
    • Adjusting the critical temperature may not be suitable for rainfed conditions.
  • Proceedings of LiveM 2016: Modelling Grassland-Livestock Systems Under Climate Change — Advances in Animal Biosciences 7(3) Special Issue
    • Hempel S., Janke D., König M., Menz C., Englisch A., Pinto S., Sibony V., Halachmi I., Rong L., Zong C., Zhang G., Sanchis E., Estelle F., Calvet S., Galan E., del Prado A., Ammon C., Amon B., Amon T. 2016. Integrated modelling to assess optimisation potentials for cattle housing climate.Advances in Animal Biosciences 7, 261-262. doi: 10.1017/S2040470016000352
    • Mas K., Pardo G., Galán E., del Prado A. 2016. Assessing dairy farm sustainability using whole-farm modelling and life cycle analysis. Advances in Animal Biosciences 7, 259-260. doi: 10.1017/S2040470016000340
    • Foskolos A., Moorby J.M. 2016. Lifetime nitrogen use efficiency of dairy cattle: model description and sensitivity analysis. Advances in Animal Biosciences 7, 256-258. doi: 10.1017/S2040470016000339
    • Bartley D.J., Skuce P.J., Zadoks R.N., MacLeod M. 2016. Endemic sheep and cattle diseases and greenhouse gas emissions. Advances in Animal Biosciences 7, 253-255. doi: 10.1017/S2040470016000327
    • Vitali A., Bernabucci U., Nardone A., Lacetera N. 2016. Effect of season, month and temperature humidity index on the occurrence of clinical mastitis in dairy heifers. Advances in Animal Biosciences 7, 250-252. doi: 10.1017/S2040470016000315
    • Leclère D., Havlík P. 2016. Modelling heat stress on livestock: how can we reach long-term and global coverage. Advances in Animal Biosciences 7, 248-249. doi: 10.1017/S2040470016000303
    • Sándor R., Ehrhardt F., Basso B., Bellocchi G., Bhatia A., Brilli L., Migliorati M.D.A., Doltra J., Dorich C., Doro L., Fitton N., Giacomini S.J., Grace P., Grant B., Harrison M.T., Jones S., Kirschbaum M.U.F., Klumpp K., Laville P., Léonard J., Liebig M., Lieffering M., Martin R., McAuliffe R., Meier E., Merbold L., Moore A., Myrgiotis V., Newton P., Pattey E., Recous S., Rolinski S., Sharp J., Massad R.S., Smith P., Smith W., Snow V., Wu L., Zhang Q., Soussana J.F. 2016. C and N models Intercomparison – benchmark and ensemble model estimates for grassland production. Advances in Animal Biosciences 7, 245-247. doi: 10.1017/S2040470016000297
    • Heinschink K., Sinabell F., Tribl C. 2016. An index-based production costs system to evaluate costs of adaptation and mitigation in dairy and cattle farming. Advances in Animal Biosciences 7, 242-244. doi: 10.1017/S2040470016000285
    • Kipling R.P., Özkan Gülzari Ş. 2016. Stakeholder engagement and the perceptions of researchers: how agricultural modellers view challenges to communication. Advances in Animal Biosciences 7, 240-241. doi: 10.1017/S2040470016000273
    • Galán E., Sanchis E., Estellés F., Calvet S., del Prado A. 2016. Heat stress effects in milk yield and milk traits at farm scale. Advances in Animal Biosciences 7, 238-239. doi: 10.1017/S2040470016000261
    • Schönhart M. 2016. Heat stress impacts on cows in a case study landscape measured by an integrated modelling framework. Advances in Animal Biosciences 7, 235-237. doi: 10.1017/S204047001600025X
    • Mendes L.B., Herrero M., Havlík P., Mosnier A., Balieiro S.F., Moreira R.E.M., Obersteiner M. 2016. Simulation of enteric methane emissions from individual beef cattle in tropical pastures of improving quality: a case study with the model RUMINANT. Advances in Animal Biosciences 7, 233-234. doi: 10.1017/S2040470016000248
    • Calanca P. 2016. Modelling the impacts of seasonal drought on herbage growth under climate change. Advances in Animal Biosciences 7, 231-232. doi: 10.1017/S2040470016000236
    • Bannink A., Dijkstra J. 2016. Effects of roughage characteristics on enteric methane emission in dairy cows. Advances in Animal Biosciences 7, 229-230. doi: 10.1017/S2040470016000224
    • Virkajärvi P., Korhonen P., Bellocchi G., Curnel Y., Wu L., Jégo G., Persson T., Höglind M., Van Oijen M., Gustavsson A.-M., Kipling R.P. 2016. Modelling responses of forages to climate change with a focus on nutritive value. Advances in Animal Biosciences 7, 227-228. doi: 10.1017/S2040470016000212
    • van der Linden A., van de Ven G.W.J., Oosting S.J., van Ittersum M.K., de Boer I.J.M. 2016. Exploring grass-based beef production under climate change by integration of grass and cattle growth models. Advances in Animal Biosciences 7, 224-226. doi: 10.1017/S2040470016000200
MACSUR events and external events 
  [calendar icon]  
Major MACSUR meetings are listed on the MACSUR website. They are also announced on MACSUR's Facebook site and Twitter (FACCEMACSUR). All events can be subscribed to via a Google calendar
   High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition: Call for nominations  
  The Steering Committee of the High Level Panel of Experts (HLPE) of the FAO Committee on World Food Security (CFS) is to be renewed in 2017, for a 2-year term starting at the closure of CFS44 (13 October 2017) and ending at closure of CFS46 (2019). A call for nomination of experts is open from 26 October 2016 to 31 January 2017.  
   How food connects all the SDGs  
At the Stockholm EAT Food Forum, Stockholm Resilience Center director Johan Rockström and SRC board member Pavav Sukhdev, pushed for a new way of viewing the economic, social and ecological aspects of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). They show how all the SDGs are directly or indirectly connected to sustainable and healthy food. Using this holistic concept might be a good way for presenting synergies and tradeoffs of climate change impacts on agriculture.
[SDGs arranged in the form of a wedding cake with 'Food' at the centre]
   National Assessment on Climate Change in Germany recently published  
  The Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS) recently published a new scientific assessment comprising the first ever collection and synthesis of all existing information about climate change in Germany. The authors include several MACSUR members.The book (in German) is open-access and available for download.  
   USSR collapse had climate-change consequences via trade relations  
  The collapse of the USSR in the 1980s had impacts on climate through the trade of beef.
Brazil became the leading global beef exporter in the early 2000s.
• Russia developed into the major importer of Brazilian beef in the mid-2000s.
• Russia became the largest importer of the emissions embodied in Brazilian beef.
• Demand and supply shocks can redistribute environmental footprints lastingly and over great distances.
Schierhorn F., et al. (in press). The dynamics of beef trade between Brazil and Russia and their environmental implications. Global Food Security, in press. doi: 10.1016/j.gfs.2016.08.001 
⇒ Review by V. Gewin in Fron. Ecol. Environm. 14(8):404
  News from FACCE JPI  
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   FACCE SURPLUS Pre-Announces Second Call for Proposals  
  FACCE-JPI and FACCE SURPLUS pre-announce the upcoming call for joint research projects. The indicative total available budget amounts to 7M€. The call is expected to open on 5 January, 2017 with a closing date for pre-proposals on 7 March, 2017.  
  You can subscribe to the FACCE JPI newsletter on the FACCE JPI homepage.  
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Contact: Knowledge Hub FACCE MACSUR, Thünen Institut, Bundesallee 50, 38116 Braunschweig, Germany
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